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In-competition testing

In-competition testing is testing conducted in connection with a sporting event. WADA define in-competition as "the period commencing 12 hours before competition… through to the end of such competition and the sample-collection process related to such competition", unless it is stated otherwise by the rules of an IF or other relevant anti-doping organisation.

Every sporting event may be subject to testing and athletes should familiarise themselves with the rules of each competition as defined by their IF or NGB.

Who can be tested?

Any athlete that has entered a competition or has been named as a member of a team participating in a competition, at any level within the UK, is eligible for testing as part of UK Anti-Doping's national anti-doping programme.

Selection process for testing in-competition

The selection of athletes for testing is determined by UK Anti-Doping in conjunction with the NGB or IF. Selection is based on the following criteria:
• Placing in the event (e.g. 1st, 2nd or 10th) or lane draw
• Discipline, category or round
• A set number of players from each team (usually using random selection)
• Pre-selected testing
• Qualifying for national representation.
Most sports will not recognise a World or National record until an athlete has been tested and a negative result has been returned.

Out-of-competition testing

Athletes subject to the anti-doping rules of their sport are eligible for testing at any time. In addition to this, some athletes may be selected for the National Registered Testing Pool (NRTP).

Athletes nominated for inclusion in the NRTP will be notified by UK Anti-Doping and will be required to supply details of their whereabouts on ADAMS. This is called Whereabouts Filing.

Who can be tested?

Any athlete subject to the anti-doping rules of their sport is eligible for out-of-competition testing at any time and any place. In rugby this is facilitated primarily through the provision of training information from clubs via the Anti-Doping Administration and Management System (ADAMS). In addition, UKAD have selected a number of rugby players for their National Registered Testing Pool (NRTP) of athletes across all sports in the UK.

Sample collection

UK Anti-Doping follows the International Standard for Testing (IST) which is applicable to testing In and Out-of-competition.

Procedures for testing abroad may vary slightly from country to country but should always meet the IST. Athletes are advised to read and understand their sport's anti-doping rules and sample collection procedures.

Therapeutic Use Exemption - TUE's

The Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE) process is a means by which an athlete can obtain approval to use a prescribed prohibited substance or method for the treatment of a legitimate medical condition.
Athletes should advise all medical personnel of their obligation to abide by the anti-doping rules of their sport and that any medical treatment received must not violate these rules.

When prescribed a substance or method, athletes should find out whether the medication is prohibited by checking the Global Drug Reference Online system at

If the medication is not prohibited, athletes can start using the prescribed medication or treatment

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